Home » CRA Audit Triggers and How to Avoid Them
While an audit may appear to be an arbitrary and unfair punishment from the universe, there are actual justifications for why one company or person is chosen over another. The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) employs a sophisticated evaluation system that operates in the background rather than drawing names at random.
The CRA can identify returns that appear to be erroneous, incomplete, exaggerated, or otherwise suspicious using tools and programmes that were specifically designed for this purpose. The CRA pays attention to these anomalies because they pose a “high risk.”
Avoiding the following triggers can increase your chances of avoiding the aggravation, inconvenience, and intrusion of a CRA audit.
Not declaring your T-slip revenue is never a good idea. This is due to the fact that every employer you have will give you a T4 and send a copy to the CRA. The CRA will find out if you don’t declare all of your T4 income.
While most people do the right thing and report their regular income, it’s easy to forget a bonus, or an additional payment, yet it may still appear on a T-slip and thus come to the attention of the CRA. By documenting every transaction between you and your employer – especially if it involves a cash payment, a Christmas bonus perhaps—and remembering to claim it when the time comes—you can avoid making this error.
Even if you’re self-employed or managing a small business, the CRA looks for consistency in your tax returns. Your return might be highlighted for examination if, in a particular year, there is a sharp increase in your income (or in your credits and deductions).
This may of course all be perfectly above board, especially if you have found a better paying job, received a good raise at work or all of your hard work put into building your own business is finally paying off.
However, as you may still be selected for an audit the key is to make sure that you have all of the documentation needed to back up your claims for credits and deductions for the CRA to see should they decide to ask to do so.
It appears reasonable to have a home office that occupies 10% of your home’s floor area. It sounds unreasonable to have a home office that occupies half of your four-bedroom house and could lead to an audit.
Be precise, reasonable, and, most importantly, adhere to the CRA’s rules for deducting home offices when determining the proportion of your house that is used for your business or WFH office space. Not sure what those are? The CRA documents them extensively here, or, for the shorter, easier to understand in your unique case, ask an accountant!
If you buy a snowplough and own a parking garage, the CRA might not object if you deduct the entire cost as a business expense. However, the CRA might have a difficult time accepting that you don’t utilise the family sedan for both professional and personal activities if you try to write off 100% of it.
The same reasoning that applies to home office expenses also applies to vehicle-related expenses: be specific, be reasonable, and abide by the rules.
The CRA will never object to legitimate tax shelters like RRSPs or TFSAs because they are entirely acceptable. But when they stumble across a non-profit they’ve never heard of, alarm bells start to ring. This is due to the fact that fraudulent non-profit organisations and their dubious receipts, which are infamous for inflating donation numbers, cause thousands of audits to be triggered every year.
Make sure your preferred charity is listed on the “official” CRA list of charities before making a donation. in especially if you plan to deduct your donation from your taxable income.
Do you rent out the basement apartment in your house or own rental properties like condos? Your expenses could outpace your rental revenue. For instance, reporting a loss during a year of significant renovations or a protracted vacant period is appropriate.
But if losses continue for several years, the CRA will probably pay attention. As a result, always be prepared to support your claim with a thorough accounting of your costs.
Still fearful that fate is conspiring against you and that you will end up being subject to an audit? Here are three last tips for the ultimate peace of mind:
Just because the CRA audits you does not mean that you have done anything wrong, it just means that they think your tax situation merits a closer look. And by closer look we mean they we will want to see the documentation and receipts behind the claims made on your returns.
This means that you need to keep excellent records, especially if you are self-employed or running a small business. This does not mean you need to maintain lots of paper filled file cabinets, the CRA is fine with digital proofs of most things, but you should get into the habit of making better record keeping a priority.
By housing all your tax information and account balances in one place, this feature dramatically reduces the odds of having an inaccurate or incomplete return, which in turn greatly reduces the odds of being audited. A total game-changer.
One of the biggest reasons to hire an accountant is because of the savings they offer you in terms of time and accuracy at tax time. It could take you many hours to do your own taxes but an accountant has a process he/she repeat hundreds of times during tax season. The tax laws and tax-savings opportunities are fresh in their minds because it’s their primary focus—all year.
In addition, you can even consult your accountant throughout the year for questions regarding gift taxes, tax incentives for hybrid vehicles, paying down debt, how to structure small business finances and lots of other financial questions. Your accountant can be a trusted financial advisor—and we can’t think of a better investment than that.
If you have questions about hiring a qualified accountant and what we can do for your tax situation, please contact us today.